Catered halls may charge for food by the meal or through an termly subscription.They may also contain basic kitchen facilities for student use outside catering hours. As of 2015 there was an expanding market for private luxury off-campus student residences which offered substantial amenities in both the United States Most colleges and universities provide single or multiple occupancy rooms for their students, usually at a cost.This increasing reliance on income directly from students, as opposed entirely from direct taxation, in part, has led to an increase in the rental of student accommodation during the winter, spring, and summer vacation periods to house conference delegates and tourists, often at rates similar to those charged by upmarket hotels.
Where they exist, such individual councils are usually part of a larger organization called, variously, a Residence Hall Association, a Resident Students Association, or a Junior Common Room Committee, which typically provides funds and oversees the individual building council.
These student-led organizations are often connected together at a national level by the National Association of College and University Residence Halls (NACURH).
Typically, a United States residence hall room holds two students with no toilet. Often, residence halls have communal bathroom facilities.
In the United States, residence halls are sometimes segregated by sex, with men living in one group of rooms, and women in another.
Universities may therefore provide priority to first-year students when allocating this accommodation.
In UK universities these buildings are usually called halls of residence (commonly referred to as halls), except at Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, York, Lancaster and Kent where the residential accommodation is incorporated in each college's complex of buildings, and simply known as rooms.Most colleges and universities offer coeducational dorms, where either men or women reside on separate floors but in the same building or where both sexes share a floor but with individual rooms being single-sex.In the early 2000s, dorms that allowed people of opposite sexes to share a room became available in some public universities.Worldwide, dormitories are often single sex, or sexes are accommodated on separate floors or in separate rooms in some cases.It is unusual for unrelated mixed sex occupancy of a bedroom except temporarily (for example in a [travel] hostel or a railway sleeping car).Members of the college who live in its own buildings are usually said to be living in or living in college.The majority of bedrooms in UK halls are now single occupancy – offering the first chance at privacy for some young people who shared bedrooms with siblings at home.As a result, several student-focused personal storage and shipping companies have appeared in order to cater for this need.At some institutes in the UK, each residence hall has its own hall council.Most residence halls are much closer to campus than comparable private housing such as apartment buildings.This convenience is a major factor in the choice of where to live since living physically closer to classrooms is often preferred, particularly for first-year students who may not be permitted to park vehicles on campus.