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After pregnancy, diabetes type 1 or 2 may occur and will require obligatory treatment.Genetic Factors and Markers The role of genetic factors as a cause of diabetes has been proven definitively. IDDM is considered to be a polygenic disease which is based on at least two of the mutant genes in diabetic chromosome 6.
They have weakened antiviral immunity, and they are extremely susceptible to cytotoxic damage to the B cells by viruses and chemical agents.
Viral Infection Viral infection may be a factor that provokes the development of IDDM.
About 350 million people suffer from diabetes globally (Danaei et al., 2011).
The World Health Organization (1999) has predicted that diabetes will rise to the top seventh cause of death worldwide by 2030.
The cause and cure of type 2 diabetes remains unknown; however, genetic factors and manner of living take part in its causes, and watching blood sugar level can control the disease.
International Political Economy Dissertation - Diabetes Essay Conclusion
Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes happens when there is a development of high blood sugar level in pregnant women not previously diagnosed of diabetes.
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The most common occurrence of IDDM clinically is preceded by the following viral infections: measles (rubella virus has a tropism to the islets of the pancreas, accumulates, and can be replicated in them), Coxsackievirus and hepatitis B virus (can be replicated in the insular apparatus), mumps (1-2 years after the epidemic of mumps, the incidence of IDDM in children dramatically increases), infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, influenza virus, etc.
The role of viral infection is confirmed by seasonality in the incidence of IDDM development (often, the first diagnosed cases of IDDM among children occur in autumn and winter months, with a peak incidence in October and January), the detection of high titers of antibodies to the virus in the blood of patients with IDDM, and the detection by immunofluorescent methods for studying viral particles in the islets of Langerhans in people who have died of IDDM.