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In fact, all these steps should be part of a multipronged “energy productivity” policy.By encouraging energy conservation (efficiency), on the one hand, and facilitating a move toward clean renewables, on the other, the productivity policy will not only enhance energy security but also improve the environment. Energy Productivity Energy efficiency (doing more tasks with less energy, as defined by Berkeley physicist Richard Muller) is “cheaper than cheap.” It doesn’t cost much.Because of poor energy management, Pakistan’s energy resources have been used inefficiently for decades.
Among other challenges, the newly elected Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government under the leadership of Imran Khan inherits a very stagnant energy sector.
Despite broad access to electricity (99 percent of the population had access to electricity in 2016, compared to 59 percent of the population in 1990), the country experiences massive blackouts (load shedding of 6-8 hours a day for households and 1-2 hours a day for the industry).
Our Purpose is to Provide You Free and Best sources for Your education. If you need essay or any other material on any subject of F. Fsc and Metric Contact us We should try our best to provide you the context Energy is considered to be life line for the development of any country.
Energy is important in running machinery in factories and industrial units, for lighting our cities and powering our vehicles etc.
The prevailing energy crisis is costly to the economy in the form of huge subsidies and high circular debts.
Politicians and policymakers in Pakistan have made little real attempt to diversify the nation’s energy supplies and to shift dependence form expensive and imported oil toward potentially cheaper and cleaner resources available in the country (Pakistan’s dependence on oil imports is 24 percent, compared to India’s 18 percent and Bangladesh’s 21 percent).The main source of energy in Pakistan is hydropower but due to lack of good care of old dams and lack of construction of new dams it has become worse to obtain the total demand of our electricity through this although the power generated through dams is cheapest and along it we can get enough water to irrigate our fields which are also going to barren due to the lack of water.Other main resources are Petroleum products, Natural gas’s machinery ranging from economy to industry, agriculture to social life, inflation to poverty.This acute energy crisis is a result of flawed energy policies pursued for decades, the high cost of generation, and aging and inadequate transmission, among other causes. A high reliance on thermal power plants (which in turn are run by natural gas, oil, or coal) and hydropower seldom assure a continuous flow of power.In addition to transmission losses and distribution thefts, an entrenched bureaucratic culture marked by poor organization, planning, and project implementation among Pakistan’s power operating companies only compounds the problem. Heavy dependence on oil-based energy makes power high-priced.The prospects for renewable energy in Pakistan are heartening.Energy experts estimate that Pakistan has a total renewable energy potential of about 167.7 GW, more than enough to meet the nation’s total demand for electricity.Fortunately, Pakistan is endowed with renewable energy resources.It not only has potentially bountiful supplies of solar energy but also could tap possible sources of wind power, especially along the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea.Better late than never, Pakistan has started to acknowledge its renewable energy potential as evidenced by the construction of Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park, with a nameplate capacity of 1,000 MW.There is a need for more additional steps beyond the Solar Park.