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Early Christians used the Septuagint, a Koine Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures.
The Bible contains many passages in which the authors claim divine inspiration for their message or report the effects of such inspiration on others.
Besides the direct accounts of written revelation, such as Moses receiving the Ten Commandments, the Prophets of the Old Testament frequently claimed that their message was of divine origin by prefacing the revelation using the following phrase: "Thus says the LORD" (for example, 1 Kgs –24;1 Chr 17:3–4; Jer ; Ezek 2:4; Zech 7:9; etc.).
Paul is referring to the Old Testament, since the scriptures have been known by Timothy from "infancy" (verse 15).
Others offer an alternative reading for the passage; for example, theologian C. Dodd suggests that it "is probably to be rendered" as: "Every inspired scripture is also useful..." Some modern English versions of the Bible renders theopneustos with "God-breathed" (NIV) or "breathed out by God" (ESV) to avoid the word inspiration, unlike its Latin root.
Theologians may undertake the study of Christian theology for a variety of reasons, such as in order to: Christian theology varies significantly across the main branches of Christian tradition: Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant.
Each of those traditions has its own unique approaches to seminaries and ministerial formation.General revelation occurs through observation of the created order.Such observations can logically lead to important conclusions, such as the existence of God and some of God's attributes.Protestants recognize 39 books in their Old Testament canon, while Roman Catholic and Eastern Christians recognize 46 books as canonical.Both Catholics and Protestants have the same 27-book New Testament canon.During the Protestant Reformation, certain reformers proposed different canonical lists of the Old Testament.The texts that are present in the Septuagint, but not included in the Jewish canon, fell out of favor and, in time, they would come to be removed from Protestant canons.Christian systematic theology will typically explore: Revelation is the revealing or disclosing, or making something obvious through active or passive communication with God, and can originate directly from God, or through an agent, such as an angel.One who has experienced such contact is often called a prophet.Systematic theology draws on the foundational sacred texts of Christianity, while simultaneously investigating the development of Christian doctrine over the course of history, particularly through philosophical evolution.Inherent to a system of theological thought is the development of a method: one which one can apply both broadly and particularly.