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The highest decline is observed in Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu where child labour in India is decreased by 97% and 96%, respectively.Uttar Pradesh also saw a decrease in child labour of 7.9% since 2001.Children are being exploited as labourers both by organised and unorganized sectors of industry.
There are many other states leading in child labour in India namely Rajasthan, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
Mainly, the children are forced to work at a very low and cheap wage rate.
So the children start working at a very tender age.
Even after stating the hours of work by the government, many children work for the entire time each day which affects their physical and mental health, their education and intellectual development.
70% of the child labour ratio is from rural areas, where children did not get a primary education and to satisfy their hunger they start working under a cheap rate or no wage at all.
Poverty is the main reason behind this as the child’s parents can not afford education due to poverty.As per, the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 which was amended in 2016, states that Child labour is a criminal offence.Any person if proven guilty of child labour will be imposed a fine of Rs 20,000-50,000 or 6 months to 2 years of imprisonment and if a person repeats child labour he or she would attract the imprisonment from 1 year to 3 years, as the act says.India is ranked among the top 5 countries that are highly indulged in the swamp of Child labour. Child labour is the practice of engaging children of below 14 years to any type of economic activity either part time or full time.According to the rules and regulation, no child would engage in any economic activity except he or she helping her family during vacations or after the schools hours.Such a decrease of child labour in India indicates that the schemes given by government and the work done by the NGO’s have proven to be effective.Though there are many other reasons like social awareness and economic growth which also contribute to uprooting child labour from India.Child labour cannot be eliminated unless there is free, universal and compulsory primary education.Poor parents cannot afford to send their children to school.Child labour is a vicious disease that targets the basic rights of children.Child labour also leads to an unskilled workforce, financial insecurity and also lowers the standards of living and poverty.“Poverty is the worst form of violence”, as said by Mahatma Gandhi.