Gandhi Research Paper

Although he served three prison sentences during his time in South Africa, his nonviolent protests and other activities were so successful that he secured (1914) an agreement from the South African government that promised the alleviation of anti-Indian discrimination.

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A testament to the revolutionary power of nonviolence, Gandhi’s approach directly influenced Martin Luther King, Jr., who argued that the Gandhian philosophy was 8).

King first encountered Gandhian ideas during his studies at Crozer Theological Seminary.

In a talk prepared for George Davis’ class, Christian Theology for Today, King included Gandhi among “individuals who greatly reveal the working of the Spirit of God 9).

In 1950, King heard Mordecai Johnson, president of Howard University, speak of his recent trip to India and Gandhi’s nonviolent resistance techniques.

In response, Gandhi called for a day of national fasting, meetings, and suspension of work on 6 April 1919, as an act of (literally, truth-force or love-force), a form of nonviolent resistance.

He suspended the campaign of nonviolent resistance a few days later because protestors had responded violently to the police.Within the next few years, Gandhi reshaped the existing Indian National Congress into a mass movement promoting Indian self-rule through a boycott of British goods and institutions, and leading to the arrests of thousands of satyagrahis.In March 1922, Gandhi was arrested and served two years in prison for sedition.In 1893, he accepted a one-year contract to do legal work for an Indian firm in South Africa, but remained for 21 years.It was in South Africa that Gandhi was first exposed to official racial prejudice, and where he developed his philosophy of nonviolent direct action by organizing the Indian community there to oppose race-based laws and socioeconomic repression. In 1919, British authorities issued the Rowlatt Acts, policies that permitted the incarceration without trial of Indians suspected of sedition.When violence broke out between Hindus and Muslims, Gandhi resorted to fasts and tours of disturbed areas to check it. 30, 1948, while holding a prayer and pacification meeting at New Delhi, he was fatally shot by a Hindu fanatic who was angered by Gandhi's solicitude for the Muslims. 1966); his collected works (50 vol., 1958–72); selected writings, ed. After his death his methods of nonviolent civil disobedience were adopted by protagonists of civil rights in the United States and by many protest movements throughout the world. King situated Gandhi’s ideas of nonviolent direct action in the larger framework of Christianity, declaring that “Christ showed us the way and Gandhi in India showed it could work (King, 23 June 1962).Gandhi was born 2 October 1869, in Porbandar, in the western part of India, to Karamchand Gandhi, chief minister of Porbandar, and his wife Putlibai, a devout Hindu., 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. In South Africa Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.In 1893 he went to South Africa, where he was later joined by his wife and children.

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