human genome, to determine the complete nucleotide sequence ofhuman DNA, to localize the estimated 80,000 genes within the humangenome, and to perform similar analyses on the genomes of several otherorganisms used extensively in research laboratories as model systems. The scientific productsof the HGP will comprise a resource of detailed information about thestructure, organization and function of human DNA, information that isthe basic set of inherited instructions for the development and What is the overall goal of the Project?This project is estimated to take 15 years to complete from October 1990and has already cost the U. In September, advisory committees at DOE and NIH approved new5-year goals aimed at completing the Human Genome Project two yearsearlier than originally planned in 1990.As of early 1999 the Human Genome Project was ahead of schedule.
Also, researchers have sequenced the complete genomes of several other organisms such as E. This should help scientists to find parallels between our genes and the genes of other organisms.
When completed this project will reap great rewards for the time and effort put in.
A genome is defined as the complete collection of an organisms genetic material.
The human genome is composed of about 50,000 to 100,000 genes located on 23 pairs of chromosomes in a human cell.
One worry is that soon we will be able to clone humans for body parts in order to save lives.
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On the surface this seems like a good idea however if put in the wrong hands this information could be used to make clones of armies for unstable countries or it could be used to clone those people who had bad influences on history such as hitler.
Biologists will be able to look at detailed DNA information that will help in understanding the structure, organization, and function of DNA in chromosomes.
Genome maps of other creatures will provide a way for scientists to learn more about more complex biological systems such as our own.
Though each person has a unique set of DNA the difference in a given pair of samples is less than 1 percent making the differences pale in The Human Genome Project is an international collaboration of scientists whos goal is to gain a basic understanding of the genetic blueprint of a human being.
This information is found in each cell of the body, encoded in the DNA.