The former Maratha ruled cities of Baroda, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Tanjore have had sizable Marathi speaking populations for centuries.
Marathi is also spoken by Maharashtrian migrants to other parts of India and overseas.
) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by around 83.1 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively, and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.
During the reign of the last three Seuna kings, a great deal of literature in verse and prose, on astrology, medicine, Puranas, Vedanta, kings and courtiers were created.
Nalopakhyan, Rukmini swayamvar and Shripati's Jyotishratnamala (1039) are a few examples.Marathi, a derivative of Maharashtri, is probably first attested in a 739 CE copper-plate inscription found in Satara.Several inscriptions dated to the second half of the 11th century feature Marathi, which is usually appended to Sanskrit or Kannada in these inscriptions.There were 83 million native Marathi speakers in India, according to the 2011 census, making it the third most spoken native language after Hindi and Bengali.Native Marathi speakers form 6.86% of India's population.Mukundaraja's other work, Paramamrta, is considered the first systematic attempt to explain the Vedanta in the Marathi language Notable examples of Marathi prose are "Līḷācarītra" (), events and anecdotes from the miracle-filled the life of Chakradhar Swami of the Mahanubhava sect compiled by his close disciple, Mahimbhatta, in 1238.The Līḷācarītra is thought to be the first biography written in the Marathi language.Marathi distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms of 'we' and possesses a three-way gender system that features the neuter in addition to the masculine and the feminine.In its phonology, it contrasts apico-alveolar with alveopalatal affricates and alveolar with retroflex laterals ( Marathi is primarily spoken in Maharashtra (India) and parts of neighbouring states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka (particularly the bordering districts of Belgaum, Bidar, Gulbarga and Uttara Kannada), Telangana, union-territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.At 83.1 million speakers in 2019, Marathi ranks 11th in the list of most spoken languages in the world.Marathi has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali.