Monadology And Other Philosophical Essays

Leibniz, the great conciliator, describes a world steeped in consistency when evil loses positivity.Although Leibniz never wrote a systematic ethical treatise, in his view theology is a type of jurisprudence, a science of law (NE, p. And Leibniz contributed a systematic work to the field of theology, namely, the (1710), the only large-scale philosophical work that he published during his lifetime.

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Indeed, Leibniz does exceed both the empiricism of Locke (in which all would know the meaning), and the Cartesian doctrine of innate ideas.

– Locke is mistaken: the human soul is not a tabula rasa, a clean slate, which would join the experiment.

In the field of knowledge and in the field of mind and nature, Leibniz opened new horizons to the history of philosophy.

The world is full of life, with which we are connected by a small crowd of perception (unconscious).

– Such is the optimism of Leibniz, who sees, in particular, in anxiety, all stress imperceptible keep us always on the alert, a promise of fun and an announcement of perfection.

Thus, according to the Leibnizian optimism, evil is a mere shadow of the good.

► On the second, he asserts that no fact can not be existing without there be a sufficient reason.

The principle of sufficient reason, in the eyes of Leibniz, supreme principle, very large and very noble.

It is therefore legitimate to speak of Leibniz‘s optimism, optimism here denoting the idea that the world is the best of possible worlds: between an infinity of possible worlds, there is the best of all, it’s true world today.

A person who raises the issue: “the world is it not, nevertheless, full of pain? – Leibniz replied that any pain or anxiety are the very conditions of pleasure and happiness.

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