Niemann Gottigen Dissertation

Niemann Gottigen Dissertation-88
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Vermutlich war es das extrem giftige Dichlordiethylsulfid, das später als Senfgas in die Geschichte des 1. Vermutlich war er selbst das erste Opfer dieses Kampfstoffs, als er 1861 an einer "Lungenverbreiterung" im Goslarer Schwiechelthaus starb.

THE development of anesthesia in general and local anesthetics, in particular, required a cultural change.

10 Further, according to Bühler, the first written record of the coca leaf is a mention by the Spanish Dominican friar Tomas Ortíz in 1499, 11 a reference which is also cited by other authors. A recent review of documents on Friar Tomas Ortíz (1470–1538) 14 show that he was ordained in the Convent of San Esteban in Salamanca, Spain, in 1511, and it was only later that he set out for America, where he eventually became bishop of Santa Marta (Colombia).

14–16 For some writers, Florentine Amerigo Vespucci (1451–1512) was the first European to document the human use of the coca leaf.

9,14 Thus, in his account of his voyage to America on the second Alonso de Ojeda and Juan de la Cosa expedition in 1499–1500, 17 he reported that the aborigines of the Island of Margarita chewed certain herbs containing a white powder.

He included this observation in a letter written in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1504, sent to the Chief Magistrate ( ) of the Florentine Republic, Piero Soderini, and possibly published in Florence in 1505 or 1506.

C., 7 though recent discoveries in Ecuador indicate human use more than 5,000 years ago.

9 Alfred Bühler hypothesized that the Arhuaco, a tribe from the Negro River region, were the first to discover the properties of the drug and spread this knowledge to other neighboring peoples.

It is interesting to note that the early chroniclers make no mention of the plant.

Thus, the document known as the “anónimo,” dated in Seville in 1534 (probably written by Cristóbal Mena, one of Pizarro's captains) 19 or the chronicle of Francisco de Xerez (1497–1565), 20 Francisco Pizarro's secretary during the conquest, contain no reference to coca.


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