Recycling Research Paper

Recycling Research Paper-89
However, the increase in junk mail is still smaller compared to the declining use of paper from those sources.The environmental impact due to excessive use of paper has negative effects on trees and forest.

In 2011, the ERPC committed itself to meeting and maintaining both a voluntary recycling rate target of 70% in the then E-27 plus Switzerland and Norway by 2015 as well as qualitative targets in areas such as waste prevention, ecodesign and research and development.

In 2014 the paper recycling rate in Europe was 71.7%, as stated in the 2014 Monitoring Report.

Pulp mills can be sources of both air and water pollution, especially if they are producing bleached pulp.

Modern mills produce considerably less pollution than those of a few decades ago.

Relating tons of paper recycled to the number of trees not cut is meaningless, since tree size varies tremendously and is the major factor in how much paper can be made from how many trees.

The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) and the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certify paper made from trees harvested according to guidelines meant to ensure good forestry practices.This is enough electricity to power a 3-bedroom European house for an entire year, or enough energy to heat and air-condition the average North American home for almost six months.Recycling paper to make pulp actually consumes more fossil fuels than making new pulp via the kraft process; these mills generate most of their energy from burning waste wood (bark, roots, sawmill waste) and byproduct lignin (black liquor).S., down from more than 87 million tons in 2000, according to the U. Paper products used by the packaging industry were responsible for about 77% of packaging materials recycled, with more than 24 million pounds recovered in 2005.By 1998, some 9,000 curbside recycling programs and 12,000 recyclable drop-off centers existed nationwide.Internationally, about half of all recovered paper comes from converting losses (pre-consumer recycling), such as shavings and unsold periodicals; approximately one third comes from household or post-consumer waste. The industry self-initiative European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) was set up in 2000 to monitor progress towards meeting the paper recycling targets set out in the 2000 European Declaration on Paper Recycling.Since then, the commitments in the Declaration have been renewed every five years.Around two thirds of all paper products in the US are now recovered and recycled, although it does not all become new paper.After repeated processing the fibers become too short for the production of new paper.Recycling has long been practiced in the United States.In 2012, paper and paperboard accounted for 68 million tons of municipal solid waste generated in the U. The US paper industry set a goal of recovering 55 percent of all paper used in the US by 2012.

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