References Research Paper

References Research Paper-31
When you cite a reference in your text you should use one of the following three formats: (1) Mention the author by last name in the sentence and then give the year of the publication in parenthesis: You only need to include the page number in the citation if you are quoting directly, or if the source is very long and the specific fact or idea you are citing can only be found on a specific page.

When you cite a reference in your text you should use one of the following three formats: (1) Mention the author by last name in the sentence and then give the year of the publication in parenthesis: You only need to include the page number in the citation if you are quoting directly, or if the source is very long and the specific fact or idea you are citing can only be found on a specific page.Direct quotations that are more than 4 lines long should be set off from the rest of your paper by use of narrower margins and single spaced lines.

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Reference citations also provide avenues for interested readers to follow up on aspects of your work -- they help weave the web of science.

You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views.

[Back to top]Please note that the date of publication of the e-book version may differ from the print publication date.

Ensure you use the correct date depending on the version of the book you have read and are citing in your work.[Back to top]When writing a reference for a multi-media item, you would usually use the title of the TV programme or video recording, or title of the film (whether on DVD or video) as the author.

If you have multiple sources from a single author published in the same year, distinguish them both in the in-text citation and in the reference list, by appending the letters a, b, c...

(For example: Allen 1996a, 1996b.) You should include enough information that your readers will be able to find these sources on their own.All different kinds of sources must be acknowledged.Furthermore, if you use figures, illustrations, or graphical material, either directly or in modified form, that you did not yourself create or design, you need to acknowledge the sources of those figures.You should acknowledge a source any time (and every time) you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source.Thus, clearly, you need to cite sources for all direct quotations.But you also need to cite sources from which you paraphrase or summarize facts or ideas -- whether you've put the fact or idea into your own words or not, you got the fact or idea from somebody else and you need to give them proper acknowledgement (even if an idea might be considered "common knowledge," but you didn't know it until you found it in a particular source).Sources that need to be acknowledged are not limited to books and journal articles, but include internet sites, computer software, written and e-mail correspondence, even verbal conversations with other people (in person or by telephone).If your source of information has no individual identifiable author, use the name of the organization to which the work can be attributed in place of the author's name: As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks ( we expect to find clear differences in isotopic composition among seasons and potentially among different rain storm events (Fig. Such a source would be omitted from your References Cited or Bibliography section.Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more!Follow the examples given below and you will be all set. List all authors by last name and initials, separated by commas if there are more than two authors. Then put the year of publication, the title of the book (in italics if possible), the publisher, the city, and the number of pages in the book. A., 1999, A retrospective analysis on the occurrence of arsenic in ground-water resources of the United States and limitations in drinking-water-supply characterizations, Adapt these formats as necessary for other types of sources, including unpublished reports or manuscripts -- just be sure to include sufficient information that your readers could find or obtain these sources themselves, if need be.

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