Why Should We Have Homework

Why Should We Have Homework-8
Opponents of homework counter that it can also have negative effects.

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Editor's Note: Harris Cooper is professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke, where he also directs the university's Program in Education, and is author of "The Battle over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Parents" (Corwin Press) A poll conducted for the Associated Press earlier this year found that about 57 percent of parents felt their child was assigned about the right amount of homework. But opinions cannot tell us whether homework works; only research can, which is why my colleagues and I have conducted a combined analysis of dozens of homework studies to examine whether homework is beneficial and what amount of homework is appropriate for our children.

Another 23 percent thought it was too little, 19 percent thought it was too much. Pleasing a majority of parents regarding homework and having equal numbers of dissenters shouting "too much! The homework question is best answered by comparing students who are assigned homework with students assigned no homework but who are similar in other ways.

The essence of the matter is that the material learned during the class is intensively forgotten in the 10-12 hours after its perception.

The scientific survey shows that children can reproduce about 44% of the words after an hour after class, and 28% material is remembered after 2.5-8 hours.

That’s why it is important to do homework when students stay at home.

Homework should be complete the same day it is assigned to a child.Homework can foster independent learning and responsible character traits.And it can give parents an opportunity to see what's going on at school and let them express positive attitudes toward achievement.These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by our analysis.Practice assignments do improve scores on class tests at all grade levels.Yet other studies simply correlate homework and achievement with no attempt to control for student differences.In 35 such studies, about 77 percent find the link between homework and achievement is positive.Homework assignments contribute to students' knowledge transfer from RAM to long-term memory. Another fact is the function of screwing up knowledge and skills of the child that he may have missed because of not being in health for a long time.When doing homework, a student receives the necessary knowledge and deepens it. Another function is making a student an adult, developing his perseverance and social responsibility for taking the task.My feeling is that homework policies should prescribe amounts of homework consistent with the research evidence, but which also give individual schools and teachers some flexibility to take into account the unique needs and circumstances of their students and families. The questions of whether homework is needed, what impact this type of task has on the students' development, and what amount of homework should be assigned to a child are acute. Since that years, there were many “yes” and “no” about this part of the education.


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